Dogs can detect COVID-19 in human saliva – German research

Dogs can detect COVID-19 in human saliva - German research
Dog sniffing saliva of COVID-19 patients, Source: Web

German research says that dogs can sniff coronavirus germs in the saliva of the infected body with COVID-19.

Analysts at the University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover (German University) found that the trained or tamed detection dogs in the research could detect the change between saliva samples taken from Coronavirus patient’s bodies and those who reported negative for the virus.

In the research, authors say that, during the demonstration of 1012 randomized test samples, the trained dogs accomplished a total average finding rate of ninety-four percent.

Eight detection dogs involved in the research

That random study included eight fully trained detection dogs who got trained in one week to detect respiratory secretions of the Coronavirus infected people.

Those sniffer dogs can easily differentiate between both saliva samples, one is taken from infected, and the other one is from the non-infected patient. Moreover, both individuals’ samples fairly detected by dogs with a significant degree of precision.

Dogs can sniff Coronavirus in human saliva - German research
Dogs detecting Coronavirus germs,
Source: Web

The authors of the research mentioned that one-hundred and fifty-seven correct detections of positive, seven hundred and ninety-two accurate rejections of negative, thirty-three incorrect detections of negative or incorrect rejections of thirty positive sample demonstrations.

The analysts described that during respiratory contagions such as SARS-CoV-2, specific kinds of compounds are formed and can create what they said as ‘specific scent imprints’ which could be detected by dogs trained to track that smell.

VCA Animal Hospitals said that dogs give lots of brainpower to interpreting odors, and they got above hundred-million sensory receptor sites in the nasal cavity while comparing to six million people. Furthermore, the region of the doggy brain dedicated to evaluating smells is around forty times bigger than the similar part of the human-brain. There is an approximation that dogs are able to smell anywhere from one-thousand to ten-thousand times better than humans.

VCA Animal Hospitals said that, unlike people, dogs have an extra olfactory tool that boosts their capability to smell. Moreover, the organ provides as a secondary olfactory structure made, especially for chemical communication.

The research authors said that these are preliminary measures, and additional study should be done to develop more consistent screening processes of Coronavirus patients.