The two rival groups Sudanese Army and Rapid Support Force (RSF), which have been fighting for weeks in Sudan to get power, now agreed to provide humanitarian aid for civilians. United States officials stated that the two fighting groups have agreed to protect civilians and ensure civilian aid, but a ceasefire is yet to be achieved. US sources claimed talks happened for a week in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, and the heads of the Sudanese Army and paramilitary RSF signed a declaration on Friday and assured to work for a ceasefire in the following talks. Sudan Health Ministry stated that almost 450 were killed in the aggressive warfare.
A White House State Department official stated the two fighting Sudanese parties are far apart. He further explained that Negotiators from the American and Saudi sides had set a goal to reach a ceasefire in the next ten days. Fierce clashes happened in Halfaya, the neighboring city of the Capital, Khartoum. The civilians witnessed several fighter jets circling over Khartoum and Omdurman but reportedly fight was not as aggressive as on Wednesday.
The Sudanese inter-parties conflict has raised the threats of civil war and erupted into severe humanitarian crises. None of the fighting sides in Sudan have expressed publicly to stand down or end the conflict, which they carried out for weeks and caused the death of hundreds of civilians. Recent ceasefire agreements happened in the state but were poorly violated repeatedly. According to American officials, the main focus of the current declaration signed is to restore humanitarian relief and improve water and electricity facilities. The fighting powers are not ready to end the fight, and the residents lack electricity, water, food, and survival essentials.
Key Events and Human Disasters in Sudan’s Internal Fight
It’s been almost a month since the fight started internally in Sudan, and people are suffering. Some key events and points relating to the conflict are listed below:
- The World Health Organization stated that around 5000 were wounded and 600 were killed in the fierce fight, which continued for weeks.
- The United States figured that around 700,000 citizens are internally displaced in Sudan for protection, and 150,000 are heading toward neighboring countries to take refuge.
- The Sudanese Army has been targeting three cities and trying to eliminate the paramilitary Rapid Support Force, and conditions are tense in those areas.
- The Army has been struggling to take control of the areas since the start of the fight on April 15.
- Many dead bodies were witnessed in the streets due to the closure of hospitals for harsh security situations in Sudan.
- On Wednesday, the World food program of the United Nations warned the Sudanese internal conflict could push around 2.5 million people into severe hunger. It will raise the number of people suffering from lack of food to 19 million.
Aid Agency Islamic Relief expressed that proper relief could not be conducted in Darfur and Khartoum cities due to extreme insecurity. It is reported that an Emirates military plane and two Saudi aircraft loaded with humanitarian aid supplies landed in Sudan. On Tuesday, the Rapid Support Force claimed that an air attack had destroyed the historic presidential palace in central Khartoum. This palace has symbolic importance and is located in a strategic area that the RSF claims to control. However, the Army denied this claim.